Nepal Travel Information
Nepal is one of the most fascinating countries in the world in terms of diverse ethnicities , languages, cultural and archaeological heritages that are aesthetically festooned with geographical beauty.Nepal has beautiful mountain ranges in the north as a demarcation between Nepal and Tibet. There are world famous mountains including the highest mountain, Mt. Everest (8848m). Nepal is known for world famous tourist destinations like Everest Region Trekking, Annapurna Base Camp Trekking, Lantanga Trekking, Helambu Trekking, Gosaikunda Trekking and many more. Nepals has x UNESCO World Heritage Sites which are very popular among the tourisits from across the world. The mosaic of the diverse culture and hospitality blended with natural beauty in Nepal attract travelers from across the world. Nepal is a rich store for diversity of flora and fauna in addition to wide varieties of cultures and tradtions.
Geography of Nepal
Nepal is roughly trapezodal country in terms of its shape, whose lenth is 800km, and breath is 200km with an area of 1,47,181km2. Nepal is tropographically divided into three categories , which are commonly known as Mountainour Region, Hilly Region and Terail Region. These regions are horizontally divided from East to West, by an imaginary line that intersects with the vertically flowing major rivers of Nepal : The Koshi, The Naryani, The Karnali and their other tirburatories. The southern lowland plains that stretches till the border are the norhtern rim of what is called Indo-Gangetic plains. The outermost range of fotthilss called are situated at 700 to 1000 metres that puts a demarcation of the Gangetic Plain. The mounatainous regions have made global reputation for adventure activities like Mountain Expeditions, Trekkings and tours. The hilly region of Nepal is climatically moderate and this region is a powerhouse for a wide range of flora and fauna. In addition, the hilly region of Nepal stores even the most endangered species of wildlife in the world. Nepal, presently known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked coutry which is bordered to the North by People's republic of China and to the South, West and East by India.
Climate of Nepal
Nepal has five climatic zones that corresponds to the altitudes: Subtropical Zone and Tropical Zone(below 1200m), Temperate Zone(1200m to 2400m), Cold Zone(2400m to 3600m), subarctic Zone (3600m to 4000m), and Arctic Zone( above 4000m). Climatic situations in Nepal differ place to place depending on the topography. In the northern Himalayas, summers are normally cool while winters are severely cold. As for the South summers tend to be tropical while winters are found mild. Spring, Summer, Monsoon, Autumn and Winter are the five seasons of Nepal. The temperature of Terai often goes above 37oC which normally ranges between 7o C and 23oC. The temperature in the mountainous areas sometimes plummet down to subzero degree. The temperature of Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal ranges between 19oC - 35oC in summer and 2oC - 12oC in winter. In the north, the Himalayas that form a border to demarcate Tibet and Nepal work as a blockage to the cold severe winds that blow from Central Asia in winter. Nepal receives the most rain from June to September. No seasonal constraint is there in Nepal for traveling in Nepal. The best times are spring and autumn, however, any other times are found to be enjoyed by the travelers from across the world.
Nepali language, the national language of Nepal, is derived from Sanskrit. Nepali language is written in Devanagari language and it serves as lingua franca among Nepalese speaking differet mothertongues. There are altogether 123 languages spoken in Nepal, three quarters of which originate from Tibeto-Burnan lanugauage family, which is includes Nepal Bhasa(Newari), the Limbu, Tamang, Magar, Gurung, Sunuwar and other languages. Nepali language, the national language of Nepal belongs to Indo-Aryan (Indic), which is a branch of the Indo-European family The origin of Nepali language is Sinja, Karnali. According to National Census in 2011, the majority of the population(44.6%) speak Nepali as their native language. Nepali language is written in Devanagari script. The present constitution of Nepal has promulgated Nepali as the national language of Nepalese, which means speakers with different mothertongues have to learn it.
Some facts about Nepal
Area: 147,181 sq km
Geography: Situated between China in the North an India in the South, East & West.
Location: Latitude- 26 12' to 30 27' North Longitude- 80 4' to 88 12' East
Time Zone: 5 hours and 45 minutes ahead of GMT. ( +5.45)
Population: 29,760,624 ( according to 2018 data)
People: more than 103 ethnic groups and 93 spoken languages.
National Language: Nepali
Political System: Federal Democratic Republic State
Currency: Nepalese Rupee